Between 1903 and the end of the German Administration in 1914 approximately 3,868 Chinese workers arrived in Samoa in six ships.
The tough working conditions in Samoa often fell short of the rosy picture that had been painted by recruiters in China. Nevertheless, hardship and unemployment in China meant that there was a steady inflow and outflow of workers from the orient well into the years of the New Zealand Administration. The last group of Chinese workers arrived in Samoa in 1934.
This worker has obligingly removed his hat for photographer Kurt Hufnagel-Betham.
Credit: Hufnagel-Betham Family Collection, photographer Kurt Hufnagel-Betham.
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