Captain Hufnagel experimented with cross-breeding of cattle to obtain the best hybrids for meat production. He purchased breeding bulls for other DH & PG plantations on trips to Australia and New Zealand. In 1906, 650 head of cattle were on Vailele, as well as sheep, mules and poultry. Coconut plantations had fenced or walled sections to keep cattle out during the first five years of seedling growth when the trees were vulnerable to browsing.
In June 1896, Apia resident Mrs Paula David went for a visit to Vailele and noted in her diary that the plantation was “a model example.” She saw cocoa and coffee which had been harvested. Mrs David noted: “Captain Hufnagel keeps, in addition to horses and bullocks, donkeys, dogs, billy goats, porcupines, guinea pigs, turkeys, guinea fowls, ducks and pigeons.”
Credit: Hufnagel-Betham Family Collection, photographer A.J.Tattersall.
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